Data Set Description:
1990 US Census Tracts, Blocks and Blockgroups for the City of Oakland are nested together in this layer as regions. Blocks are the smallest unit available for Census information with street centerlines as the most common boundary. "Blocks are the smallest geographic unit of the census. They are usually small areas bounded on all sides by visible features such as streets, roads, streams, and railroad tracks, and by invisible boundaries such as property lines, legal limits, and short imaginary extensions of streets and roads." (from: Datamocracy description) Blockgroups are clusters of blocks with the same first number in a certain tract (e.g. blocks 201, 202,and 203 in tract 4001 are make up blockgroup 40012). Tracts are the next largest unit of available Census information. For a GIS layer with nothing but tracts, see the CENTRACT layer.
Non-standard Attributes in table:
- U_ID = Unique identifier (provides user with unique identifying number for each polygon in the layer)
- State = "State FIPS code" (Example: 06)
- County = "County FIPS code" (Example: 001)
- Mcd = "County Major Division FIPS Code" (Example: 92230)
- Place = "Place FIPS code" (Example: 53000)
- Tract = "Census Tract Code" (Example: 4001)
- Native = "Native American Area FIPS code" (Example: 0)
- Urbanrural = "Urban/Rural Flag" (Example: U)
- Congress = "101st Congressional District" (Example: 08)
- Block = "Census Block Code" (Example: 101)
- Arealand = "Land Area (0.001 sq km)" (Example: 19)
- Areawat = "Water Area (0.001 sq km)" (Example: 0)
- Hu100 = "100% Housing Count"
- Pop100= "100% Population Count"
- Xzflag = "STF1BX/STF1BZ/Water Data Source Flag" (Example: Z)
- Total_pop = "Total Persons" (P1BX0001)
- White = "White Persons" (P2BX0001)
- Black = "Black Persons" (P2BX0002)
- Indian = "American Indian, Eskimo, or Aleut Persons" (P2BX0004)
- Asian = "Asian or Pacific Islander Persons" (P2BX0004)
- Hispanic = "Hispanic Persons" (P3BX0001)
- Under 18 = "Persons Under 18 years" (P4BX0001)
- Over65 = "Persons 65 years and over" (P4BX0002)
- Total_house = "Total Housing Units" (H1BX0001)
- One_unit = "1 Unit Detached or Attached Structures" (H1BX0002)
- Ten_unit = "10 or More Unit Structures" (H1BX0003)
- Mean_rooms = "Mean Number of Rooms" (H2BX0001)
- Owner_occ = "Owner Occupied Housing Units" (H3BX0001)
- Renter_occ = "Renter Occupied Housing Units" (H3BX0002)
- Mean_value = "Mean value of Owner Occupied Units" (H4BX0001)
- Mean_rent = "Mean contract rent of renter occupied units" (H5BX0001)
- Dense_own = "Total Occupied Housing Units with 1.01 or more persons per room" (H6BX0001)
- Dense_rent = "Renter Occupied housing units with 1.01 or more persons per room" (H6BX0002)
- Persons_in_occ = "Persons in ocupied housing units" (H7BX0001)
- One_per_hh = "Units with One-person households" (H8BX0001)
- Single_fam_hh = "Units with no spouse present and 1 or more persons
- Key = "Key" (Example: 0600192230530004001 U08101)
Data Source History:
Datamocracy supplied the original dataset. Datamocracy's tech support may be contacted by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Their web page is http://www.datamocracy.com/data. Their phone is (510) 430-3881. Datamocracy is a third-party vendor of U.S. Census files converted from digital TIGER products into Arc/Info coverages. When better accuracy was needed for the census boundary lines, Monica Lamboy (City Manager's Office) supplied Julia Howlett with paper maps showing the locations of the boundaries. When these paper maps were not adequate to determine the correct location of a census boundary, Julia supplied her own interpretation based on common sense and a city planner's good judgment.
The node-to-node links between the original "tiger" coverage and the conflated "roads" coverage were saved during conflation and used as the control for an arc/info adjust command which shifted the tiger-based Census lines to the coordinate accuracy of the "streets" coverage. Later, Julia Howlett, JRH Consulting, adjusted all census boundary lines to match the coordinate accuracy of the digital orthophoto.
City of Oakland use only.
Every ten years, a new U.S. Census is published. Although the publication date is listed as, for instance, U.S. Census 2000, the actual data is not always available until years later, such as 2002 or 2003. Sometimes, corrections and/or updates to the data may be available, such as with the 1994 update to the 1990 census.
The census layers are snapshots of a single survey and are not updated once created. New census surveys are added to Oakland's GIS collection as separate GIS layers. The next census, 2000, will likely be acquired from the internet when available.